WEBTREATS: Sex and Sexuality - ACOG
Hackers found the dark web site just weeks after the U.S. government did
Social scientists have for example studied gender differences in Internet sexuality Cooper, et al. One such search characteristic is the query the user selects to access sexual information on the Web. In this paper, we analyze the studies that have examined Web search logs to determine the level of sexual or pornographic searches on publically available Web search engines. Table 1 provides an overview of the nine studies conducted from to that examined the level of sexual or pornographic Web queries, including the single Web search engines Excite, AlltheWeb, Alta Vista, Vivisimo, and Dogpile.
Table 2 shows the distribution of Web queries across topic categories for the nine Web search engine studies. Table 3 shows the top 20 query terms across the nine studies.
Table 2 shows that the Web is a major source of information for most people, demonstrating the strength of a move toward the use of the Web as an economic resource and tool Spink and Jansen, Individuals use the Web for an increasingly variety of information tasks Spink and Jansen, The temporal findings across all data sets support the continued drop in sex and pornography as a major topic for search engine users. Web queries related to business, computers and people increased as a proportion of all Web queries.
Recently, Koshman, et al. This represents a sizable proportion of all queries. In addition, one in seven queries was related to people, places or things. These queries include personal names or the names of locations.
In , Goodrum and Spink found that 25 of the most frequently occurring terms in multimedia related queries terms submitted to the Excite commercial Web search engine were clearly sexually related. Spink, et al. Jansen and Spink found that sexually related queries were less than 4 percent of Web queries and that only some 3. This finding only included Web searches that explicitly stated terms for child pornography. Bogaert , conducted a number of studies exploring what sort of sexually explicitly material men choose to see in a free choice situation.
In the studies, undergraduate males, who were already participating in a study were given the opportunity to sign up for experiment credit, for additional research that would involve viewing their choice of 14 videos depicting common sexual acts, novel sexual acts, sexually insatiable females, sexual violence, or child pornography.
Results showed that when given the opportunity to choose the modal selection 51 percent of all men was to not see any sexually explicit material at all either because they did not need further experimental credit or because they were simply not interested and the least common choice was to view violent pornography 4 percent or child sexual activity 3 percent. Fisher and Barak base their position in the Sexual Behaviour Sequence SBS Byrne, model, a social psychological model of the antecedent and consequences of sexual behaviour that can be applied to conceptualizing experience with Internet sexuality.
The SBS model posits that individuals respond to erotic stimuli with affective and evaluative responses as well as with physiological sexual arousal. In addition, individuals acquire their affective and evaluative responses to erotic stimuli over their entire life span.
Thus, in regards to sexual Internet activity, the SBS model emphasises that the individual brings a lifetime learning history, involving emotional responses to sexuality, beliefs about sexuality and expectations and imagination concerning the outcomes of sexual behaviour. For example, Cooper, et al. Some 2, participants took part in the study. Cooper, et al. Similarly, Boies sought to explore the online sexual activities on university students. The study revealed that the participants most frequently used the Internet for seeking new people and dating.
The work by Cooper, et al. To this end, it could be argued that once an individual has used a Web search engine to search for a social activity or community that they wish to participate in i. Armed with the necessary URL, an individual can bypass Web engines.
In addition, word of mouth, marketing via other media i. TV, radio, newspapers, and magazines may also provide relative URLs. As such, the results of the current study may provide only a partial picture of online sexual activity. In light of the current focus on levels of sexual and pornographic querying on Web search engines, our study has provided an overview of the key findings from existing studies.
Our paper provides some potential insights into why this phenomenon is occurring. Further ongoing research is needed to track the nature of Web queries to commercial Web search engines.
The authors are conducting ongoing studies into many aspects of public Web searching. This list, prepared by the College Resource Center Librarians from other sources, is provided for information only. Referral to these sites does not imply the endorsement of The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of either the organization or their contents, expressed views, programs, or political activities.
Further, the College does not endorse any commercial products that may be advertised or available from these organizations or on these websites. This list is not meant to be comprehensive; the exclusion of a site does not reflect the quality of that site. Please note that sites and URLs are subject to change without warning. The site includes a therapist locator and links to Therapy Topics brochures on family issues, including sexual problems.
The site allows users to locate members by state. Association of Reproductive Health Professionals — Sex and Sexuality This website has information on sexuality including continuing medical education, publications, and patient resources.
There are also links to information on related topics such as sexually transmitted diseases and contraception. Bedsider This website has information to help young women find the birth control method that is right for them.
Risk to life and child exploitation are top of the list. A journalist cannot idly stand by knowing there could be a car bomb sitting outside a building, ready to detonate. Nor can one dismiss the idea of a child abuse site continuing to operate on the dark web. I spoke with a well-known journalist to ask for ethical advice. We agreed to speak on background, from reporter to reporter.
Having never faced a situation like this, my primary concern was to ensure I was on the right moral, ethical and legal side of things. Was it right to report this to the feds?
The answer was simple and expected: Yes, it was right to report the information to the authorities, so long as I protected my source. Protecting your sources is one of the cardinal rules of journalism, but my source was a hacker group — it was not the dark web site itself. After all, I was working under the assumption that the authorities would not care much for the source information anyway. I reached out to a contact at the FBI, who passed me on to a special agent at a field office.
And then silence. I heard nothing back. I followed up and asked, but the agent warned that if the site became — or was already — subject to investigation, there was little, if anything, they could say. I recall the hackers were frustrated. Weeks went by. I felt just as frustrated at the lack of insight into what I had only guessed or hoped was progress by the federal agents. I recall running the list of IP addresses that the hackers gave me through a resolver, which provided some limited insight into who might be visiting the dark web site.
We found individuals accessed the dark web site from the networks of the U. Army Intelligence, the U. Senate, the U. We could not identify, however, specific individuals who accessed the site.