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Sexually sexually infections STIs are passed from one person to another through unprotected sex or genital contact. This page provides an overview disesses the different STIs and links to more information transmitted these conditions. It can also cause heavy periods. Diseases warts are small fleshy growths, bumps or skin changes that appear on or around your genital or anal area. Occasionally, they can cause list.
UK uses cookies transmitte are essential for the site list work. We also use non-essential diseases to help us improve government digital services. Any transmitted collected is anonymised. By continuing to use this site, you agree to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Information on STI diagnoses and sexual health sexually provided in England by demographic characteristics and geographical region.
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Sexually transmitted infections factsheet - Factsheets - FPA

STIs in England

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Other conditions that are sometimes thought of as sexually transmitted infections

Common types of STI

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Genital herpes in a common infection caused by HSV virus, which also causes cold sores. The symptoms can develop a few days after contact and include small, painful blisters which itch or tingle - and can make it difficult to urinate.

After the initial flare up, the virus will remain dormant most of the time - but it is still possible to infect others. Syphilis is bacterial infection which causes painless - but highly infectious - sores on the genitals and around the mouth. Symptoms for the second stage of syphilis include a rash, flu-like illness and patchy hair loss - which will last for a few weeks.

The infection can be treated with a course of antibiotics - which are normally taken for two to four weeks. Find your nearest clinic, and its opening hours, here. You are also advised to have yearly HIV tests if you have changed your sexual partner since your last test. People who have a high risk of infection - including homosexual men, people who inject drugs from needles, prostitutes, and people with HIV-infected sexual partners - should have a test every three to six months.

You can test for chlamydia and gonorrhoea with a urine or swap test. Herpes tests also use swabs. If you don't have a blister outbreak at the time, the test may come back negative - and you will need to get re-tested during your next flare up. The condition can be treated with antibiotics, usually penicillin injections.

When syphilis is treated properly, the later stages can be prevented. The HIV virus attacks and weakens the immune system, making it less able to fight infections and disease. There's no cure for HIV, but there are treatments that allow most people to live a long and otherwise healthy life. Most people with HIV look and feel healthy and have no symptoms. When you first develop HIV, you may experience a flu-like illness with a fever, sore throat or rash. This is called a seroconversion illness.

A simple blood test is usually used to test for an HIV infection. Read more about HIV. You may experience pain or burning after passing urine, a whitish discharge, or an inflamed foreskin. Trichomoniasis can sometimes be difficult to diagnose and your GP may suggest you go to a specialist clinic for a urine or swab test. The lice crawl from hair to hair but don't jump or fly from person to person.

It may take several weeks for you to notice any symptoms. You don't need to shave off your pubic hair or body hair. Clothes worn since the party, and bedding should be washed at 50 degrees or more, or placed in sealed plastic bags for at least a week to kill the lice. Scabies is caused by tiny mites that burrow into the skin. It can be passed on through close body or sexual contact, or from infected clothing, bedding or towels. If you develop scabies, you may have intense itching that's worse at night.

The itching can be in your genital area, but it also often occurs between your fingers, on wrists and ankles, under your arms, or on your body and breasts. You may have a rash or tiny spots. It's usually very difficult to see the mites. The itching can sometimes continue for a short period, even after effective treatment. Read more about scabies. Sexually transmitted infections STIs. About sexually transmitted infections Sexually transmitted infections STIs are passed from one person to another through unprotected sex or genital contact.

Find your local sexual health clinic Search for your nearest sexual health clinic through Scotland's Service Directory. It's also possible to have a chlamydia infection in your rectum bottom , throat or eyes. Genital warts Genital warts are small fleshy growths, bumps or skin changes that appear on or around your genital or anal area.

It's also possible to have a gonorrhoea infection in your rectum, throat or eyes.

This page provides an overview of the different STIs and links to more information about these conditions. It can also cause heavy periods. Genital warts are small fleshy growths, bumps or skin changes that appear on or around your genital or anal area.

Occasionally, they can cause bleeding. Read more about genital warts. Some people develop symptoms of HSV a few days after coming into contact with the virus.

Small, painful blisters or sores usually develop, which may cause itching or tingling, or make it painful to urinate. After you've been infected, the virus remains dormant inactive most of the time. However, certain triggers can reactivate the virus, causing the blisters to develop again, although they're usually smaller and less painful.

It's easier to test for HSV if you have symptoms. Although there's no cure for genital herpes, the symptoms can usually be controlled using antiviral medicines.

Read more about genital herpes. In women, gonorrhoea can cause pain or a burning sensation when urinating, a vaginal discharge often watery, yellow or green , pain in the lower abdomen during or after sex, and bleeding during or after sex or between periods, sometimes causing heavy periods. In men, gonorrhoea can cause pain or a burning sensation when urinating, a white, yellow or green discharge from the tip of the penis, and pain or tenderness in the testicles.

Gonorrhoea is diagnosed using a urine test or by taking a swab of the affected area. Syphilis is a bacterial infection that in the early stages causes a painless, but highly infectious, sore on your genitals or around the mouth. The condition can be treated with antibiotics, usually penicillin injections. When syphilis is treated properly, the later stages can be prevented.

The HIV virus attacks and weakens the immune system, making it less able to fight infections and disease. However, they can pass the virus to another partner who can then develop symptoms. Asymptomatic patients tend not to use protection condoms every time they have sex, unlike patients who know they have herpes. Genital herpes is caused by the herpes simplex virus. Most people are able to recognise recurrent episodes due to the itching and tingling sensation in the genitals that they feel a few hours before the blisters appear.

This is the best time to start an antiviral treatment, right before the virus starts producing genital herpes blisters. In general, the first herpes outbreak is the most severe one and lasts longer than any episode that follows — up to weeks. Over time, outbreaks of genital herpes tend to get milder. Genital warts also known as anogenital warts are located in or around the anus and genital area. Genital warts appear as little bumps that sometimes form clusters with a cauliflower shape. Since they come in different sizes treatment ranges from creams e.

Warticon to surgery e. While they are not dangerous, they are easily transmitted and require treatment. As far as symptoms go, genital warts are sometimes itchy and in rare cases they can be painful. Women can suffer from irregular vaginal bleeding or discharge. Syphilis is one of the oldest infections on this list of STIs. While, nowadays, syphilis is fairly easy to treat with antibiotics, if left untreated the infection can cause severe symptoms e.

In the early stages, like many types of STIs, the symptoms of syphilis are hard to recognise and it can take several months before they appear. However, as soon as the bacteria enters your body, the illness progresses — in three stages — with the symptoms getting worse at each stage.

As for hepatitis B, it is a virus that attacks the liver like hepatitis C and is passed through sexual contact and blood e. The symptoms of hepatitis B start with a short acute infection to which everyone responds differently: a few will develop chronic hepatitis B and others will develop liver dysfunction. The majority of people actually develop their own antibodies against the virus and are protected from further infections.

Yet, 5 in people who are infected will suffer from serious consequences from the virus. If you have had unprotected sex you may need to get tested for hepatitis as well as other STIs. It can also be transmitted by a pregnant woman to her baby. And like Hepatitis B and other types of STIs, the first symptoms are difficult to recognise as they can feel like the flu with muscle pain, sore throat , sometimes in combination with vomiting and diarrhoea.

This fever tends to develop within 2 to 4 weeks after the virus has entered the body, but it can sometimes take several months. There are many infections that are often misunderstood as STDs, such as urethritis, which is simply an infection of the urethra part of the urinary tract.

Pubic lice crabs is another example, which is neither an infection nor a disease but just tiny bugs lice that settle in your pubic hair to lay their eggs and reproduce. They are transmitted during intimate contact between the pubic areas of two people.

Trichomonas is a germ causing a benign infection known as trichomoniasis. The symptoms it causes are common STD symptoms, namely an abnormal discharge from the genitals and pain when urinating or when having sex.

However, it is best that any recent sexual partners should know that they might also be infected. They should be offered testing and treatment if necessary, to prevent the infection being spread any further. This telling of sexual partners is sometimes called contact tracing. If you prefer, clinics can contact people anonymously if you do not wish to tell them yourself. You should be aware that recklessly exposing a sexual partner to the risk of infection is against the law.

The treatment that you will be offered depends on which STI is found. For example, a short course of antibiotics can usually clear away chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis and trichomonas.

A cream or lotion can clear pubic lice and scabies. Topical treatments can usually clear most anogenital warts. You will be given advice about what treatment options you have and given time to ask questions.

If you are prescribed antibiotics then it is important to finish the full course of tablets, or else the infection may not be fully cleared. Do not simply stop taking the medication. For some infections you will be asked to return after a course of treatment to check that the infection has gone. Do not have sex again until the time advised by the clinic. Depending on the infection, this may be for a certain length of time after treatment has finished or it may be until you are given the all clear from a repeat test.

The aim is to prevent you from passing on the infection to others. Most clinics will have a sexual health adviser. You are likely to be seen by the adviser in addition to being seen by a doctor or nurse. A sexual health adviser is specially trained and can:. Arrange a consultation with your local pharmacist to see if you are eligible for NHS chlamydia screening. Disclaimer: This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions.

Patient Platform Limited has used all reasonable care in compiling the information but make no warranty as to its accuracy. Consult a doctor or other health care professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions.

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